Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is the amount of cholesterol within LDL particles (proteins that carry hydrophobic molecules through extracellular fluid). It is seen as the 'bad' cholesterol, as it's a risk factor for atherosclerosis, and much of atherosclerotic plaque is made up of LDL, though it's unclear if higher LDL-C is always worse. LDL serves to bring fatty acids and cholesterol from the liver and circulate them to tissues, oxidized LDL (oxLDL) in particular seems to contribute to heart disease.
Summary of LDL-C
Human Effect MatrixUnlocked for Examine members
The Human Effect Matrix looks at human studies to tell you what supplements affect LDL-C.Full details on all LDL-C supplements are available to Examine members.
|Grade||Level of Evidence [show legend]|
|Robust research conducted with repeated double-blind clinical trials|
|Multiple studies where at least two are double-blind and placebo controlled|
|Single double-blind study or multiple cohort studies|
|Uncontrolled or observational studies only|
Level of Evidence
? The amount of high quality evidence. The more evidence, the more we can trust the results.
Magnitude of effect
? The direction and size of the supplement's impact on each outcome. Some supplements can have an increasing effect, others have a decreasing effect, and others have no effect.
Consistency of research results
? Scientific research does not always agree. HIGH or VERY HIGH means that most of the scientific research agrees.
|Notable||Very High See all 14 studies|
|Minor||Very High See all 15 studies|
|- See all 30 studies|
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Things to Note
Also Known As